The concentrations of selected elemental tracers were determined in the aerosol of a semi-rural coastal site near Venice (Italy). Size-segregated aerosol samples were collected using an 8-stage cascade impac- tor set at 15 m above ground, during the cold season (late autumn and winter), when high levels of many pollutants are known to cause risks for human health. From the experimental data, information was extracted on potential pollutant sources by investigating the relationships between elements in the dif- ferent size fractions. Moreover, an approach to highlight the importance of local atmospheric circulation and air mass origin in inﬂuencing the PM composition and fractional distribution is proposed. Anthropogenic elements are strongly inter-correlated in the submicrometric (<1 lm) (S, K, Mn, Cu, Fe and Zn) and intermediate mode (1–4 lm) (Mn, Cu, Zn, Ni) and their relationships highlight the presence of several sources (combustions, secondary aerosol, road trafﬁc). In the intermediate mode, associations having geochemical signiﬁcance exist between marine (Na, Cl and Mg) and crustal (Si, Mg, Ca, Al, Ti and K) elements. In the coarse mode (>4 lm) Fe and Zn are well correlated and are probably linked to tire and brake wear emissions. Regarding atmospheric circulation, results show increasing levels of elements related to pollution sources (S, K, Mn, Ni, Cu, Zn) when air masses come from Central and Eastern Europe direction and on the ground wind blows from NWN-N-NE (from mainland Venice). Low wind speed and high percentage of wind calm hours favor element accumulation in the submicrometric and intermediate modes. Further- more, strong winds favor the formation of sea-spray and the increase of Si in the coarse mode due to the resuspension of sand ﬁne particles.
|Titolo:||The size distribution of chemical elements of atmospheric aerosol at a semi-rural coastal site in Venice (Italy). The role of atmospheric circulation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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