Many methods have been proposed for evaluating of toxic compound presence in water and then to assess the risks to both humans and animals. A common standards procedure for the measuring of contaminant toxicity strength in sea water organisms utilizes the response of a dye (Neutral Red), which accumulates in the acidic vescicles of biological sensors (i.e. Mollusc). When marine Mollusc such as mussels are exposed to pollutants, one of the characteristic pathological alterations is a decreased integrity in the lysosomal membrane. In this work we propose a comparison with the responses obtained with another dye, Acridine Orange. The results show that the response of Acridine Orange is linear in the whole operative pH range (i.e., between pH 4 and 7,4), while Neutral Red is insensitive between pH 6 and 7,4. In addition, Neutral Red shows a protonophore behaviour. We propose therefore that the use of Acridine Orange is preferred to that of Neutral Red, as well that Acridine Orange should be alternative to Neutral Red for the monitoring of stressing environment contaminants by means of biological sensors.

An alternative to Neutral Red as a dye for environmental contaminant biomonitoring.

MANENTE, Sabrina;DE PIERI, SILVIA;RAVAGNAN, Giampietro;BRAGADIN, Marcantonio
2009

Abstract

Many methods have been proposed for evaluating of toxic compound presence in water and then to assess the risks to both humans and animals. A common standards procedure for the measuring of contaminant toxicity strength in sea water organisms utilizes the response of a dye (Neutral Red), which accumulates in the acidic vescicles of biological sensors (i.e. Mollusc). When marine Mollusc such as mussels are exposed to pollutants, one of the characteristic pathological alterations is a decreased integrity in the lysosomal membrane. In this work we propose a comparison with the responses obtained with another dye, Acridine Orange. The results show that the response of Acridine Orange is linear in the whole operative pH range (i.e., between pH 4 and 7,4), while Neutral Red is insensitive between pH 6 and 7,4. In addition, Neutral Red shows a protonophore behaviour. We propose therefore that the use of Acridine Orange is preferred to that of Neutral Red, as well that Acridine Orange should be alternative to Neutral Red for the monitoring of stressing environment contaminants by means of biological sensors.
Proceedings of SETAC Europe 19th Annual Meeting “Protecting ecosystem health: facing the challenge of a globally changing environment”
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/10278/35801
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