The PCBs are known recalcitrant and toxic pollutants and significant values of contamination could be found in water. PCBs can be hydrodechlorinated using Pd-based catalysts and hydrogen, but the research to identify more efficient heterogeneous catalysts, able to work in an aqueous phase, less sensible to deactivation and easily removable at the end of the treatment, remains a considerable interesting goal. A strain of Klebsiella oxytoca, DSM 29614, known to produce a specific exopolysaccaride (EPS), was grown in different media with sodium citrate or with sodium citrate plus ferric citrate, as sole energy and carbon sources under anaerobic conditions. The cultures were amended with 50 mg of palladium as Pd(NO3)2 to generate Pd-EPS (Pd content 13%) or FePd-EPS (Pd content 8.4%; Fe 7.4%) species which were secreted from the cells, isolated by treatment with a cold ethanol solution (70%) and dried under vacuum as powders. The catalytic ability of these mono- and bi-metallic species was tested in the hydrodechlorination reaction of the Aroclor 1260 PCBs mixture under aqueous biphasic conditions. Here we demonstrate that the degree of PCBs hydrodechlorination is dependent by the nature of catalyst and of base used to neutralize HCl produced, the bimetallic species being more active and an organic base resulting more effective. Working with a substrate/catalyst 8/1 molar ratio, at 3 MPa H2 and 60°C in 20 h a significant removal of highly chl orinated PCBs was obtained under the best conditions. The result seems promising for remediation of groundwater contaminated with PCBs.
|Titolo:||Hydrodechlorination of Aroclor 1260 in aqueous two-phase mixture catalyzed by biogenerated bimetallic catalysts|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |