A new fractionation protocol for wheat straw organosolv lignin was developed on the basis of the dominating H-bonding orientations of its components. Acetone as H-bond accepting aprotic polar solvent and methanol as H-bond donating and accepting protic polar solvent were used in sequence. Obtained fractions were structurally and thermally analysed. The protocol allowed for the generation of purified lignin fractions and the isolation of a novel, yet unobserved lignin carbohydrate complex (LCC) fraction. This LCC fraction was found to contain exclusively phenyl glycosides and γ-esters as LCC motifs.
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