Consumers' concerns about how companies gather and use their personal data can impede the widespread adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. This study demonstrates that mechanistic explanations of AI algorithms can inhibit such data collection concerns. Four independent online experiments show a negative effect of detailed mechanistic explanations on data collection concerns (Studies 1a and 1b), as well as mediating influences of a subjective understanding of how AI algorithms work (Study 2) and increased the likelihood to adopt AI technologies after data collection concerns have been mitigated (Study 3). These findings contribute to research on consumer privacy concerns and the adoption of AI technologies, by identifying (1) a new inhibitor of data collection concerns, namely, mechanistic explanations of AI algorithms; (2) the psychological mechanisms underlying mechanist explanation effects; and (3) how diminished data collection concerns promote AI technology adoption. These insights can help companies design more effective communication strategies that reduce the perceived opacity of AI algorithms, reassure consumers, and encourage their adoption of AI technologies.

Explaining how algorithms work reduces consumers' concerns regarding the collection of personal data and promotes AI technology adoption

Querci, Ilaria
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Consumers' concerns about how companies gather and use their personal data can impede the widespread adoption of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. This study demonstrates that mechanistic explanations of AI algorithms can inhibit such data collection concerns. Four independent online experiments show a negative effect of detailed mechanistic explanations on data collection concerns (Studies 1a and 1b), as well as mediating influences of a subjective understanding of how AI algorithms work (Study 2) and increased the likelihood to adopt AI technologies after data collection concerns have been mitigated (Study 3). These findings contribute to research on consumer privacy concerns and the adoption of AI technologies, by identifying (1) a new inhibitor of data collection concerns, namely, mechanistic explanations of AI algorithms; (2) the psychological mechanisms underlying mechanist explanation effects; and (3) how diminished data collection concerns promote AI technology adoption. These insights can help companies design more effective communication strategies that reduce the perceived opacity of AI algorithms, reassure consumers, and encourage their adoption of AI technologies.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/3762129
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