This paper presents a simulation exercise undertaken with a newly available regional general equilibrium model for the Spanish region of Andalusia. The exercise is intended to assess the structural adjustment processes and impacts on the Andalusian economy directly induced by the dramatic fall in tourism expenditure which occurred in the year 2020, due to the prevention measures implemented because of the COVID-19 pandemic. We also undertake a preliminary evaluation of the impact on some environmental indicators, such as greenhouse gases emissions and air pollutants. The key insight emerging from our analysis is that the COVID crumbling of tourism demand reduces the environmental pressure but also generates very relevant distributional consequences. We believe that these insights are not peculiar to Andalusia but could be extended to many other regions in the world, especially those similar in terms of magnitude of the shock, economic structure, and labor market. We illustrate the latter point by contrasting Andalusia with a set of South-East Asian countries.

Assessing the economic and environmental consequences of the COVID-19 tourism collapse in Andalusia: what lessons can we draw for South-East Asian regions?

Roberto Roson
;
2022

Abstract

This paper presents a simulation exercise undertaken with a newly available regional general equilibrium model for the Spanish region of Andalusia. The exercise is intended to assess the structural adjustment processes and impacts on the Andalusian economy directly induced by the dramatic fall in tourism expenditure which occurred in the year 2020, due to the prevention measures implemented because of the COVID-19 pandemic. We also undertake a preliminary evaluation of the impact on some environmental indicators, such as greenhouse gases emissions and air pollutants. The key insight emerging from our analysis is that the COVID crumbling of tourism demand reduces the environmental pressure but also generates very relevant distributional consequences. We believe that these insights are not peculiar to Andalusia but could be extended to many other regions in the world, especially those similar in terms of magnitude of the shock, economic structure, and labor market. We illustrate the latter point by contrasting Andalusia with a set of South-East Asian countries.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/5005042
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