In June 2009, we conducted the first exten- sive glaciological survey of Alto dell’Ortles, the uppermost glacier of Mt. Ortles (3905 m a.s.l.), the highest summit of the Eastern European Alps. This section of the Alps is lo- cated in a rain shadow and is characterized by the lowest precipitation rate in the entire Alpine arc. Mt. Ortles of- fers a unique opportunity to test deposition mechanisms of chemical species that until now were studied only in the climatically-different western sector. We analyzed snow samples collected on Alto dell’Ortles from a 4.5 m snow-pit at 3830 m a.s.l., and we determined a large suite of trace el- ements and ionic compounds that comprise the atmospheric deposition over the past two years. Trace element concentrations measured in snow samples are extremely low with mean concentrations at pg g−1 levels. Only Al and Fe present median values of 1.8 and 3.3 ng g−1, with maximum concentrations of 21 and 25 ng g−1. The me- dian crustal enrichment factor (EFc) values for Be, Rb, Sr, Ba, U, Li, Al, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ga and V are lower than 10 suggesting that these elements originated mainly from soil and mineral aerosol. EFc higher than 100 are reported for Zn (118), Ag (135), Bi (185), Sb (401) and Cd (514), demonstrating the predominance of non-crustal depositions and suggesting an anthropogenic origin.

Impact of Po Valley emissions on the highest glacier of the Eastern European Alps

GABRIELI, Jacopo;GABRIELLI, PAOLO;KEHRWALD, NATALIE MARIE;TURETTA, Clara;COZZI, Giulio;Spolaor, Andrea;BARBANTE, Carlo
2011

Abstract

In June 2009, we conducted the first exten- sive glaciological survey of Alto dell’Ortles, the uppermost glacier of Mt. Ortles (3905 m a.s.l.), the highest summit of the Eastern European Alps. This section of the Alps is lo- cated in a rain shadow and is characterized by the lowest precipitation rate in the entire Alpine arc. Mt. Ortles of- fers a unique opportunity to test deposition mechanisms of chemical species that until now were studied only in the climatically-different western sector. We analyzed snow samples collected on Alto dell’Ortles from a 4.5 m snow-pit at 3830 m a.s.l., and we determined a large suite of trace el- ements and ionic compounds that comprise the atmospheric deposition over the past two years. Trace element concentrations measured in snow samples are extremely low with mean concentrations at pg g−1 levels. Only Al and Fe present median values of 1.8 and 3.3 ng g−1, with maximum concentrations of 21 and 25 ng g−1. The me- dian crustal enrichment factor (EFc) values for Be, Rb, Sr, Ba, U, Li, Al, Ca, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ga and V are lower than 10 suggesting that these elements originated mainly from soil and mineral aerosol. EFc higher than 100 are reported for Zn (118), Ag (135), Bi (185), Sb (401) and Cd (514), demonstrating the predominance of non-crustal depositions and suggesting an anthropogenic origin.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Gabrieli (2011) acp-11-8087-2011.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: Accesso chiuso-personale
Dimensione 5.26 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.26 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in ARCA sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/10278/28327
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 28
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 28
social impact