Whether there are common and emergent patterns from marine ecosystems remains an important question because marine ecosystems provide billions of dollars of ecosystem services to the global community, but face many perturbations with significant consequences. Here, we develop cumulative trophic patterns for marine ecosystems, featuring sigmoidal cumulative biomass (cumB)-trophic level (TL) and 'hockey-stick' production (cumP)-cumB curves. The patterns have a trophodynamic theoretical basis and capitalize on emergent, fundamental, and invariant features of marine ecosystems. These patterns have strong global support, being observed in over 120 marine ecosystems. Parameters from these curves elucidate the direction and magnitude of marine ecosystem perturbation or recovery; if biomass and productivity can be monitored effectively over time, such relations may prove to be broadly useful. Curve parameters are proposed as possible ecosystem thresholds, perhaps to better manage the marine ecosystems of the world.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Titolo:||Emergent Properties Delineate Marine Ecosystem Perturbation and Recovery|
|Rivista:||TRENDS IN ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2015.08.011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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|TREE-D-15-00236.pdf||Documento in Post-print||Accesso chiuso-personale||Riservato|