The study reported in this paper considered the results of pilot-scale experiments on single and 2-phase anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge at high rate. Both single and 2-phase digesters were conducted at the same conditions of organic loading and retention time. The 2-phase anaerobic system showed clear increases in terms of organic matter removal and biogas production compared to the single stage system. Particularly, the volatile solids removal rose from 34% in the single stage system to 38% in the 2-phase system. Hence, the global specific biogas production increased 32%, moving from 0.21 to 0.31 m(3)/kgTVS.d respectively for the single and 2-phase systems. The 2-phase system produced 15% more energy than the single stage system. Furthermore, the heat produced in a CHP unit satisfied all heat requirements insuring more than the complete energetic sustainability of the process. Finally, both single and 2-phase digestates showed to meet requirements established for sludge reuse in agriculture regarding pathogens, metals and organic contaminants. A preliminary economic analysis showed the possibility to pay back the investment for the implementation of a second anaerobic reactor in 3 years because of both the increased biogas production and reduced quantity of excess sludge to be disposed of. (c) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Data di pubblicazione:||2016|
|Titolo:||Performance and energy aspects of single and two phase thermophilic anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2015.09.069|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||2.1 Articolo su rivista |
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